Double Standards

Double standards refer to rules or principles that are applied differently to one group of people or circumstances than to another without proper justification.

Women’s Erasure in History

“The erasure of women from history is two-fold...we are discouraged or punished for stepping outside the limited roles offered to us...and our accomplishments are often diminished, ignored or credited to men.”


A classic example of racial gaslighting is where a person of color describes a racist interaction, only to have it immediately questioned: “Are you sure that’s what it was about?”


The process known as code-switching is “shifting from one linguistic code (a language or dialect) to another, depending on the social context or conversational setting.” 

Black Erasure

Erasure refers to the practice of collective indifference and willful ignorance that renders certain people and groups invisible, ignoring their creation and contribution to the culture.